Types of Betta Fish -: Updated list 2020
Betta or Siamese fighting fish is considered as one of the most colourful and vibrant freshwater fish. Any hobbyists would like to keep this enchanting, colourful creature with voluminous fins. It’s incredible that there are around 100 kinds of betta. You can also differentiate betta fish types by species, tail type, the pattern of fins and colors.
Basically, the types of betta fish fall under two categories:
- Betta Splendens
- Betta Pictats.
While Betta Splendens are bubble nest builders, Betta Pictats are mouth brooders. Betta Splendens are available in local pet stores and Betta Pictats evolve from Splendens.
Classification of Betta fish on the basis of their Beautiful Tail Types
• Veil Tail (VT):
It is the most common type of tail which is gorgeous, long and flowing that droop from the caudal peduncle. The tail is asymmetrical with also long and flowing anal and dorsal fins.
• Combtail Betta:
It results from crossbreed between a crowntail and any other type of betta. It looks like a comb with fan-like caudal fin and the spread is less than 180 degree. The rays – long, thin and extended beyond fin webbing give a slightly spiky look.
• Crown Tail (CT):
• Delta (D) & Super Delta (SD): The tail is like the Greek letter “d” on its side, and the end part is rounded. The tail is evenly spread, and no crowning or combing rays are visible in the tail.
• Double Tail (DT):
In Double Tail betta, the presence of a double caudal fin due to genetic mutation differentiates its tail from other bettas. It means a distinctly double tail containing two caudal peduncles. Above all, the vibrant color variety makes them a unique piece of art.
• Half Moon (HM) / Over Half Moon (OHM): In this stunning-looking betta, the caudal fin has full 180-degree spread like a half moon with larger dorsal and anal fins than average. In case of over half moon, the spread is more than 180 degree.
• Half Sun:
• Plakat (PK): Traditionally it has a short, rounded and slightly pointed tail with elongated rays. It thus gives a spiky appearance. There are also other two varieties like the half moon and the crown tail. In case of half moon, the tail has 180 degrees spread like a half moon while the crown tail has extended rays and less webbing.
The caudal fin spread more than 180 degrees. The excessive branching with ruffled edges looks similar to ruffled rose petals.
• Feathertail: When the tail has more extensive branching giving extreme ruffled effect and seems zig-zag, it is called feather tail.
• Round Tail: The tail is fully rounded. It is more like basic plakat, but the tail is longer and fuller.
• Spade Tail:
In spade tail betta, the tip of caudal fins meets in a single point. The tail spread evenly on both sides.
Classification of Betta Fish according to their Dynamic Patterns
• Bi-Colored: In this type, the color of the body is different from fins, mainly of two types – ‘light bicolored betta’ and ‘dark bicolored betta.’ The dark contrasting colors are most preferred.
• Butterfly: These bettas can be either blue or white. These patterns have single bodycolor and two-tone fins. There is 50/50 split on fins with two colors.
• Cambodian: The body is pale, flesh-colored, white or light pink and fins are of bright solid color.
• Dragon: This pattern is very new with a striking metallic appearance. The rich and bright base color with full of dense, opaque white, metallic, and iridescent armored scales simply give an impression of a dragon.
• Marble: It has a splash-like or irregular blotchy pattern all over the body. There is marbling on the body but not on fins, always. The patterns in a bold, solid color, like red or blue on a pale base, look great. Surprisingly, the patterns keep on changing throughout their lives.
• Mask: There is a single uniform color from head to the base of a tail, but the face remains darker than the main body. It’s mostly found in turquoise, copper and blue varieties of betta.
• Multi-colored: Its body has three or more colors and usually with an endless number of variations.
• Piebald: This betta fish type has a solid dark color on the body with white or slightly pink skin flushed face. The fins have butterfly-like or marbling pattern.
• Solid: As the name implies, the full body of this betta variant has only one solid color.
• Wild Type: It is identical to betta splendens found in the wild mostly with dull red or brown color. The fins may have some blue or green or red scales in males.
Classification of Betta Fish on the basis of their Vibrant Colors
Albino betta is extremely rare. It is usually solid white with absolutely no pigmentation. The eyes are either pink or red. The betta which is white with black eyes can be any white type but never albino.
• Black: These bettas are of three kinds – Melano (plain and deepest black and infertile), Black Lace which is fertile with nice deep black color and Metallic (or copper) with some iridescent scales.
• Blue / Steel Blue / Royal Blue: It is found in different shades of blue such as Royal Blue, Steel Blue, and Blue-wash type color.
• Clear / Cellophane: This betta with translucent skin and no pigments gives the fleshy and pinkish appearance. The fins and tail are also translucent with black cellophane eyes.
• Chocolate: It is brown bodied, and the color of the fins is either yellow or orange.
• Copper: It is hugely iridescent in light gold, or deep copper with some red, purple and blue metallic shine that sparks under stronger light.
• Green: True green or dark green betta visible in naked eyes is rare and highly prized variety.
• Mustard Gas: This is a bi-colored variety with dark blue, steel blue or green colored body and fins of yellow or orange.
• Opaque / Pastels: It has pastel hue due to a gene that overlays milky white color over another color.
• Orange: These rare type betta usually found in a rich tangerine type shade that is visible in full spectrum illumination.
• Orange Dalmatian:
In this type, both body and fins are of pale orange, but the fins have all over bright deep orange streaks or spots.
• Purple / Violet: True purple betta fish is not yet heard of; what is available is bettas in rich violets or purplish-blues along with copper iridescence.
• Red: Red betta is the most common yet they are gorgeous and striking.
• Turquoise: This betta is somewhere between blue and green and more green looking than blue.
• Wild-Type: It contains an iridescent green or blue body with fins of red and/or blue color.
• Yellow & Pineapple: It is non-red named with an extremely light to rich yellow color and buttery hues.
Classification of Betta fish as per their Wild Species
• Emerald Green Betta: Also known as Betta smaragdina, native to Thailand and Laos. It belongs to the Osphronemidae family and grows to about 7 cm in length. It is available in the aquarium trade.
• Peaceful Betta: It is also known as Crescent Betta, Betta Imbellis. It is the natural habitat of stagnant shallow waters in swamps, rice paddies, pools, and ditches. It can grow up to 2 inches. It eats live as well as prepared food. The several pairs of this fish can be kept in an aquarium.
• Betta Mahachaiensis: It comes from the area of Mahachai, southeastern Bangkok. It is mainly found in marshy brackish water, however, can survive in freshwater too. Maximum standard length is 50 – 60 mm. It can be kept in a shady and well-planted tank. This betta eats plenty of frozen or small live or foods like Artemia or bloodworm, Daphnia, etc.
• Spotfin Betta or Betta Macrostoma:
Spotfin betta is paternal mouthbrooder and also familiar in other names like Brunei Beauty or Peacock Mouthbrooder or Orange cheek Betta. This omnivorous is listed as vulnerable in the IUCN Red List and can be kept in tanks covered with plants and caves. Male Macrostoma has more intense colors like brilliant black and orange to red compared to females. The females have two lateral bands which are missing in case of males.
• Betta Channoides: Also known as snakehead betta, it can be kept in pairs in species, and community tanks that are shaded with plants and caves. This paternal mouthbrooder can tolerate all types of clean and well-filtered water, but soft acidic water is best for it. Channoides males have more intense color whereas females look like washed out males.
• Betta Albimarginata: These are a white seam fighter. Males are intensely colored, and females appear as washed out male. They are housed in pairs in tanks in any clean and filtered water.
• Krabi Betta or Betta Simplex: These are redfin mouth-brooding betta. Males have a broader head than females and darker anal fin. Females are either with a faint stripe or no stripe on the anal fin, and their ovaries might be visible through spotlighting.
• Betta Pugnax or Penang: It can tolerate any clean filtered water. Males are usually with a broader head compared to females and much longer pelvic fins. These also have spikes on the anal and caudal fins and develop “green cheek flashes.”
• Betta Pallifina: It is a species of ray-finned fish in the family gouramies from upper Barito in Kalimantan Tengah, Indonesia. The standard length is 6.6 cm, and streams are their natural habitat.
• Betta Picta or Spotted: These can tolerate any types of water which are clean and well-filtered. A broader head is found in males with the darker stripe on the anal fin whereas females lack any stripe or have the faint stripe on the anal fin. You can house these species in pairs.
• Betta Brownorum: This is a red dwarf fighter in brown. It is primarily a bubblenester but in certain situations known to be mouthbrood. These bettas can be kept in pairs.
• Betta Rutilans: It is a reddish dwarf fighter that can be placed in pairs in well planted and caved tanks.
• Betta Persephone: It comes from a clear water environment and requires well-filtered soft neutral water. However, these bettas can also tolerate blackwater environments. Males usually have intense color with pointed dorsal fins and females have ovaries visible in the spotlight. These can be placed in tanks in pairs.
• Betta Burdigala: It is from blackwater environment. The males are bright green from sides while females are bland red with egg tube. These can be housed in tanks with plants and caves.
• Betta Livida: It is a ray-finned fish that belongs to the family gouramies. It is listed as endangered species of Selangor, Peninsular Malaysia by IUCN. The habitat is peat swamp. Standard length is 3.6 cm.
• Betta Strohi: It also originates from the blackwater environment, and it requires well-filtered soft acidic water. The pair can be housed in tanks and given a cover of cave and plants.
• Betta Miniopinna: This ray-finned fish from the family gouramies are originally from PulauBintan, Riau Archipelago, Indonesia. This small fin fighter is listed as critically endangered by IUCN. It is found in freshwater. Standard length is 2.4 cm
• Betta Mandor:
This paternal mouthbrooder belongs to blackwater environments and can survive in well-filtered soft acidic water. These bettas are housed in species or community tanks with plants and caves in pairs. The males have more intense color than females. While red opercula bars are found in males, females are usually with gold opercula bars.
• Betta Chloropharynx: These are green throat paternal mouthbrooder. Like other bettas, these can be housed with well-planted tanks with caves. Intensely colored males have pointed dorsal and anal fins, but females have round fins.
• Betta Hipposideros: These are identified based on face stripes. These paternal mouthbrooders can be housed like any other betta species. The soft acidic water would be required for them.
• Betta Spilotogena: The face stripes would help you to identify these species which is a paternal mouthbrooder. Pairs need a cover of plants and caves in tanks.
• Betta Tomi: It is a paternal mouthbrooder and needs well-filtered soft acidic water. The pairs are housed in tanks with caves and plants.
• Betta Chini: These are paternal mouthbrooder and housed in pairs. Males have more intense color with pointed dorsal and anal fins whereas females have round fins.
This list still doesn’t include all, and there are many more. The charm of these endless types of betta fish is truly magical, and betta lovers from around the world love to fill tanks full of bettas to display different kinds of beauty and variety together.